Treatment Options for Hernia

Surgery is the only definitive option for treating any form of hernia. As both symptomatic and asymptomatic hernias grow larger if left untreated, it becomes more challenging to handle them later in the future. Moreover, the threat of hernia obstruction and strangulation stays until it is treated, as it is known to cause life-threatening adversities.

In the earlier stages, the size of the hernia is much smaller and can be easily repaired with minimum recovery time. Hence, the earlier the hernia treatment, lesser will be its cost and the pain. Also, it has been observed that the surgical results of smaller hernias are more satisfying as compared to large hernias.

The two surgical ways to treat hernia are:

Hernia​ Treatment

Laparoscopic Hernia Repair

  • Laparoscopic (key-hole) surgery uses miniaturized equipment passed through minimally invasive incisions around the affected area, and a tiny camera to monitor the operation visually. 
  • The surgery is performed under general anaesthesia where the bulgy hernial growth is treated with synthetically designed absorbable or non-absorbable meshes. 
  • This surgery causes minimum damage to the peripheral tissues and the risks of the hernia recurrence after the surgery are quite low.

Open Hernia Repair

  • Open surgery requires a long incision to be made over the hernia. 
  • If the hernia is bulging out of the abdominal wall, then the bulge is pushed back into its original position inside the wall. If the hernia is going down the inguinal canal, then it is either pushed back or tied off and repaired.
  • The weak spot in the muscle wall has been traditionally repaired by sewing the edges of healthy muscle tissue together, known as ‘herniorrhaphy. However, today synthetically designed 2D and 3D mesh patches are used to hold the abdomen wall until it heals completely.
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